Within and without, spin works at all scales

QM Gravitation, Concept Three, Angular Momentum

    Angular momentum (spin) is conserved at creation because the angular momentum is (moving) energy

Spinning is about rotation and/or orbit of a body. In either case, the spin is a movement

  1. around a point (2d topology) such as a sun-planet pair or

  2. about an axis (3d) such as planetary spin.

In either case the direction of the angular momentum is a straight line (and points in the direction of your right-handed thumb as your fingers are curved along the rotation).

Because the angular momentum (spin) is a form of moving energy then the spin is conserved, and the conservation holds during the spin creation, too. To get something spinning, you must also spin something else in the opposite direction to keep the net (total) spin at zero -- for if the spin starts with zero and the spin is conserved, it then must end with zero as well. The rotor and the stator of a conventional motor will spin in opposition upon startup and that is one way of seeing that the 'before' spinning up and 'after' spinning up the angular momentum of the whole motor stays the same.

Out in space the gravitational spin is easy to understand but (it seems) difficult to implement. In the case of the planetary spin, the particular planet has its axis of spin pointing "out to space," but now you know that in that direction there must be another planet or a spinning system that zeroes out the planet's spin. This follows from the conservation of (angular) momentum. When you encounter something spinning you know that this spinning thing could not have been created without another thing counterspinning and doing so on the same axis. A good guess is that the gravitational wavefunction is 1) non-local, 2) has an angular component, and 3) requires a two body system.

Closer to home and closer to practical applications, you may have seen a flywheel in a trunk of a car furiously spinning at high RPM to store kinetic energy in the form of the spinning energy. You now walk up to the guy in the car and say: "Yo, [big guy,] the spin mo is pointing to where it is pointing and you want to be careful when making a turn in this car." Indeed, if the stored spin is high the car can flip over when making a turn. The answer you may have figured out by now: Have two in-line rotors spinning in the opposite direction (net angular momentum is then zero) and recover stored energy equally from both flywheels to keep the net mo at zero. You will then be able to make turns any which way since the net angular mo is at zero.

If you want to get deeper into this, you want to ask a question,"Where is the spinning energy stored (or saved)?" The answer is not trivial and a scientist usually starts to stutter here. You can keep them stuttering by asking, "Why does the force act in the right angle?" They may have some answers but they are superficial and are based on the rule of thumb -- so, you can put them through the wringer by just keeping up the same question ".. and why is that?"

Closer to your body, why do two electrons in a molecule always want to pair up? So much so a water molecule is called a 'free radical' when the second (even) electron is missing from it? Single atomic or molecular (valence) electron always has a net angular momentum. Free radicals [have nothing to do with civil unrest but] are incomplete molecules that can do much damage to your body. Free radicals are neutralized with antioxidants, which, as you might guess, supply the even electron. (Here is a tangent on atom-building: A free electron does not need to have a spin but because the atom/molecule is a computable structure, their electrons have certain -- and quantized -- energy values representing an array of discrete spin solutions.)

Many applications of the angular momentum are covered here, but a special one -- provided courtesy of NASA -- deserves its own link. NASA scientists think that they can haul a load to orbit by going straight up in "an elevator" and ignore or discount angular momentum. These scientists may have played in a sand box but they sure were afraid to hop on a merry-go-round. If they have moved from the center to the periphery they would've measured a rotation decrease and would not try to bamboozle taxpayers who may know more about physics than they do. How about putting half of their salary into escrow to be paid if the space-elevator-to-orbit works? That sure would stop the nonsense of all this.

The book you will thoroughly enjoy
To Publisher...
You know and then you (re)build. Continue ..


ThreeA. Legacy Spin
Classically, it is impossible to create spin (rotation, angular momentum) through any or all applications of a field. Classically, the conservation of momentum is the property of each and every individual body. While the single-body model works fine for physical collisions, it fails to account for the single most common and the most obvious characteristic of the universe: the spin. Classically, no matter how one pulls or tugs on a body using a field, the body just won't begin to spin — even if we do not use the common practice of representing a body as a dot. The failure of the classical model to explain the creation of planetary, solar systems', or galactic spin is (perhaps inevitably) matched by the total disregard for the spinning and rotating universe. Again, the classical physicist takes what he or she finds and explains that the spin can remain the same as found, or that the spin diminishes by dissipation into heat. Classical physicist is left to create spin by postulating (inventing) torque fields such as shear, and then shearing one local system against another. The difficulty is that shearing, in addition to being just postulated, creates more chaos than orbits. Similarly, the classical physicist is left to create one or two-body spin by inventing collisions. Again, this may deform bodies to spin (round bodies do not cause spin if they collide without deformation), but at the expense of disturbing their orbits and every other planet's orbit as well.

When sun's rotation increases a planet is born. Condensed matter (heavier elements "cooked" in the sun) rise to the surface of the sun and are spinfully ejected along the arc of increasing orbit. Solar system's angular momentum increases and so does the solar system's stability. (Question: Does the angular momentum's increase slow down (decrease) the linear momentum of the solar system?)

A picture of a planet in its moment of creation is interpreted by NASA scientists as a black hole devouring a sun. Who needs evil aliens with NASA around? (Speaking from ignorance is not expected from a national organization. Promulgating pathological science, however, is intolerable.)

Spin is not a trivial concept, particularly since its nonlocal creation cannot be explained classically. NASA, however, manages to mess up completely simple, established, and classical angular momentum conservation laws with its sub-orbital space elevator nonsense. We call NASA to account to explain how they could ignore High School physics in this, the elevator debacle. It's the physics of the merry-go-round, which the NASA physicists never played on.

The author Mike Ivsin will provide free consulting services to any High School group that wishes to challenge NASA's space elevator. Contact Mike via 'Contact Us' link from the Portal

The angular momentum arises in certain (permanent or electro-) magnet configurations. That is another way of building a car running on angular mo conservation principles and (by the way) no fuel is needed. Something tells me NASA is not going that way and so it is up to you and I. In the final analysis NASA lives off of our willingness to just work, pay taxes, and wait.

ThreeB. Spin Distribution
Space is the same for the atom and for other larger things. (Space also treats all frequencies of light the same.) QM properties of space that exist within the atom still exist if we step outside of the atom. Atoms do not displace space; rather, they exist in space and need spatial distance for their organization

Each and every atom is interconnected with every other atom in a gravitational web. This web is teaming with the same kind of properties electrons have when these move around the core: the wavefunction. Electron wavefunctions curl up and (smoothly, in integer wavelength increments) close up around the core while the gravitational wavefunctions reach out in straight paths between atoms

Atomic wavefunctions can reduce instantly and when they do, they reveal the atom's real and particular momentum. When wavefunctions are not reduced they exist in superposition. They are additive without bound and are thus inclusive. Wavefunction that is not reduced (some say collapsed) is not real since it has no measurable properties. Wavefunction that is not reduced is said to be virtual. Once the wavefunction reduces, atomic properties instantly become real and measurable

It is the atomic spin that allows larger bodies composed of such atoms to begin to spin. The atomic transfer of the spin that ends up as a spinning cosmic body such as a planet is simple. (The reversal, however, is not.) QM properties of superposition, along with the instantaneous collapse of the wavefunction are sufficient for gravitation

The creation of spin results from the realization (wavefunction reduction, wavefunction collapse) of the atomic angular momentum. When the gravitational wavefunction reduces, an equal and opposite amount of angular momentum or torque is created at both ends of the (now reduced) wavefunction. The sum of both angular momenta is zero and the conservation of momentum holds at all times

Gravitational wavefunctions are virtual. If the reduction is triggered periodically then the frame of reference must be absolute. The creation of gravitational attraction and gravitational spin operates in the framework of energy and momentum conservation at all times. In addition, concurrent computations support the creation and preservation of formally organized systems. Since the creation of an organized subsystem does not always succeed, we should think of wavefunctions as operating not only on local rules, but operating from a knowledge base that can be improved and that is being improved at all times. In other words, the conservation of energy holds even if organization fails (for the atom, solar system, or galaxy) because more than one outcome is possible in the context of energy conservation

If we believe that the angular momentum is conserved (and it is), the particular planet's spin is pointing at a body with which it exchanges and conserves the angular momentum. If two particular galaxies gravitationally interact, and they do if they share an axis, then the system where momentum is conserved at all times includes both galaxies (galaxies counterrotate). If we believe that galactic superclusters gravitationally interact, we will begin to understand that the knowledge that conserves momentum at all times -- while continuing to organize -- reaches in nonlocal way across the entire universe.

Yes, we have a page on free energy. The angular momentum is also tied to circle squaring because it is about a transformation between linear and curving paths.


What is nonlocal?
In its pure definition, 'nonlocal' means that the entire entity cannot be thought to exist in one spot and must be treated as a whole and across some spatial distance. The best example is a light wave packet that passes through zero periodically but, even though the value of the wave is zero at some points, the entity's (photon's) value is not zero at these points because the photon must be considered as a whole. The photon is also a virtual entity and at photon's reduction the effects are not a function of spatial distance and therefore manifest instantly. Instant reduction is oftentimes used as being synonymous with nonlocality -- that is, in principle the reduction does not depend on how much the entity is spread in space. In the book Quantum Pythagoreans the operation of nonlocality is extended to any and all scales (after discussing the even and the odd functions).

Are you saying that planet's moon has the axis of orbit that is pointing to another planet in another solar system which is counter-spinning?
That's it. Should the spin conservation be applicable to the entire galaxy then two galaxies would be on the same axis and have counterrotating spin -- cw and ccw. And guess what .. .. there are galaxies just like that.

 Book by Mike Ivsin

Atom building is also about sustenance and healing. Quantum Pythagoreans treats the linear and angular momentum as the gateway to organization and growth.

Yet, Quantum Pythagoreans first builds the foundation by explaining why spatial distance and direction, for example, is conserved along with energy.

Quantum Pythagoreans builds and explains all heavenly topologies we observe through the 0D to 3D framework offered by the Pythagorean Tetractys.

Continue ..


Go or select another topic from the gold post
HyperFlight home Portal in new window

© 2000 -- 2010 Backbone Consultants. Copyrights Information

Last update February 16, 2010